Biosphere reserves are ‘areas of terrestrial and coastal/marine ecosystems or a combination thereof which are internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO’s Pro- gramme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB).
Each biosphere reserve is intended to fulfill three complementary functions: a conservation function, to preserve genetic resources, species, ecosystems and landscapes; a development function, to foster sustainable economic and human development, and a logistic support function, to support demonstration projects, environmental education and training, and research and monitoring related to local, national and global issues of conservation and sustainable development.
There are seven Biosphere reserves in a region of Central Eurasia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan,Tajikistan and Turkmenistan):
Kazakhstan: (12): Korgalzhyn, Alakol, Katon-Karagay (Kazakhstan part of TBR Great Altai), Akzhayik, Aksu-Zhabagly, Barsakelmes, Karatau, Altyn Emel, Charyn, Zhongar, Almaty and West Altai.
Kyrgyzstan (2): Sarychelek and Issykkol
Uzbekistan (1): Chatkal.
Turmenistan (1): Repetek